Read the new Book Publication - 2012: "Failures of Meteorology? Unable to Prevent Climate Change and World Wars?"


Dr. Arnd Bernaerts




Competent science should know it since long:

“Imprint of Southern Ocean eddies on winds, clouds and rainfall” 
Abstract at: Nature Geoscience
| Letter by I. Frenger, N. Gruber, R. Knutti & M. Münnich 
Here posted on 08 July 2013 (ocl_6-9 )

by Arnd Bernaerts

Abstract at: Nature Geoscience

“Imprint of Southern Ocean eddies on winds, clouds and rainfall”

Owing to the turbulent nature of the ocean, mesoscale eddies are omnipresent. The impact of these transitory and approximately circular sea surface temperature fronts on the overlying atmosphere is not well known. Stationary fronts such as the Gulf Stream have been reported to lead to pronounced atmospheric changes1, 2. However, the impact of transient ocean eddies on the atmosphere has not been determined systematically, except on winds and to some extent clouds3, 4, 5, 6. Here, we examine the atmospheric conditions associated with over 600,000 individual eddies in the Southern Ocean, using satellite data. We show that ocean eddies locally affect near-surface wind, cloud properties and rainfall. The observed pattern of atmospheric change is consistent with a mechanism in which sea surface temperature anomalies associated with the oceanic eddies modify turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer. In the case of cyclonic eddies, this modification triggers a slackening of near-surface winds, a decline in cloud fraction and water content, and a reduction in rainfall. We conclude that transient mesoscale ocean structures can significantly affect much larger atmospheric low-pressure systems that swiftly pass by at the latitudes investigated.


Link to Abstract & Footnotes at:

(ocl- ocl_6-9 )

Competent science should know it since long:  

Since long we support the slogan: “Climate is the continuation of the oceans by other means”. Call it a definition, or an explanation, or practical observation, or plain physical consideration, the oceans and seas drive and control the physics of the atmosphere. 
             Concerning the climate definition more here:

The oceasn control the atmosphere by water and heat supply. By far the most sun ray influence the global air temperature via the oceans. By far the most water vapor in the atmosphere is supplied by the oceans in a rhythm of less than two weeks. Each water drop is in the air merely for about 10 days. 

                            See the following overview:

Only the sea surface over some dozen metres is “warm”. Average temperatures of the global water body are merely about +4°C. Every change in the sea surface structure may have a noticable impact on 
the atmospheric boundary layer.

 Comment: The investigation and findings should be welcome, because it may at least be the beginning of a more serious attitude of climate science concerning the major impact of the oceans. Actually, man has proven to be able to influence the severity of winters, for example the European war winter 1993/40, 1940/4, 1941/42, and presumably also the direction of global climate from warming to cooling, as it happen from winter 1939/40 to the 1970s, as discussed in the book:

“Failures of Meteorology! Unable to Prevent Climate Change and World Wars? Oceans Make Climate!”

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 Material winter 2012/13 and discussion at :

14. June 2013: Met Office brainstorms UK bad weather, titles THE GUARDIAN – 13. June 2013 (ocl-7-9)

23. April 2013: Met-Off loose talk on cold March 2013? North and Baltic Sea should not be ignored! (ocl_9-8)
11. April 2013: 'Urgent' need to see if Arctic affects UK extreme cold? No! MetOffice should investigate the impact of human activities in the North- and Baltic Sea ! (co_9-4) 
03 April 2013: Did the cold March 2013 came from Siberia ? A not well founded claim! (ocl_9-9) 
29 March 2013: Cold March 2013 in company with March 1942 & 1917 (co 10-2)  
27. March 2013: Strong Start – Strong Ending; Winter 2012/13. About the Role of North- and Baltic Sea (2007seatraining 1310)
26. March 2013; March 2013 snow in the UK and the North Sea . Did human activities contributed? (ocl 10_2) 
21 March 2013; Cold March 2013 in UK and North Europe science should be able to explain! (ocl_10-3) 
07 March 2013:  Winter 2012/13 for Northern Europe is over! The Baltic and North Sea will prevent a surprise in March! (ocl-10_4)
19. January 2013: Northern Europe's bulwark against Asian cold from 19-31. (oc_12-8)
14. January 2013: North- and Baltic Sea influence Europe ’s winter 2012/2013 until now. (ocl_12_6) 
09 December 2012 (+ 21 & 26 Dec) : Are we heading to severe Baltic Sea ice conditions by 30th December 2012? (2007seatraining)


 Essays on arctic warming causes cold winters 

2013__Environmental Research Letters Volume 8 Number 1 Qiuhong Tang et al 2013 Environ. Res. Lett. 8 014036 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014036 
Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss 
___”The results suggest that the winter atmospheric circulation at high northern latitudes associated with Arctic sea ice loss, especially in the winter, favours the occurrence of cold winter extremes at middle latitudes of the northern continents.”


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September 1939 
30 daily weather maps 

Sea Ice Condition 
Baltic Sea WWII



Book extract:

C2.  Records, Records, Records – Introduction
to the unexpected